LGBTQIA2+ Policy Statement
Research by The Williams Institute in 2011 estimates there are 9 million people in the United States who self-identify as LGBTQIA2+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, genderqueer, questioning, intersex, asexual, two-spirited, and others who have gender identities and/or sexual orientations that differ from heterosexual and/or cisgender). Additional research reveals that serious health disparities exist between LGBTQIA2+ populations and cisgender and heterosexual populations.
LGBTQIA2+ people who experience barriers to accessing and receiving health care identify those barriers to include the intersectionality of issues and personal concerns regarding racism, homophobia, transphobia, gender, misogyny, education, literacy, income, and economic class.
LGBTQIA2+ people may seek midwifery care, having already accumulated the lived experience and effects of micro-aggression and marginalization. As midwives, we are responsible for providing culturally appropriate midwifery care to the people we serve. Providing competent midwifery care for LGBTQIA2+ people requires a midwife to be aware, sensitive, informed, and prepared to respond without unintentionallyor unconsciously inflicting additional harm through further micro-aggression and marginalization.
LGBTQIA2+ people may enter the midwifery profession. Barriers to access to midwifery education for LGBTQIA2+ people include the same bias, prejudice, and micro-aggression that they have encountered throughout their lifetimes—but with the added impact of limiting their choice of career path. The lack of LGBTQIA2+ midwives impacts consumer access to choice of care provider and diminishes the wealth of experience and knowledge within the professional midwifery community. LGBTQIA2+ midwives continue to personally experience bias and prejudice from professional colleagues. LGBTQIA2+ student-midwives experience the bias and disregard of individuals within the professional midwifery community.
As an institution, the Program Directors, Administrators and Academic Faculty of National Midwifery Institute, Inc. adopt the following, and urge our shared midwifery and student-midwife communities to consider, support, and integrate the following personal statements and practices:
We support families, birthing women and birthing people. Therefore:
- We know that our personal perspectives are limited by our own experience.
- We commit time and attention to listen to individuals and avoid making assumptions.
- We seek to dismantle and neutralize stereotypes.
- We accept and protect the personal rights of people to determine for themselves and express their gender, sexual preference, sexuality, and family structure.
- We believe humans are best served through kindness and consideration.
- We work to preserve the personal privacy and autonomy of gestating, pregnant, birthing, postpartum, and parenting people.
- We support the expansion of the midwifery profession to fully include, respect, and acknowledge the existence and contributions of LGBTQIA2+ midwives and student-midwives.
Furthermore, the institutional tone of NMI as expressed through Program Directors, Administrators and Academic Faculty is to accept the diversity of human gender and sexual identity, expression, and experience, and to support and protect our peers and students who encounter dismissive, devaluing attitudes and treatment.
Understanding the Health Needs of LGBT People - March 2016 publication by the National LGBT Education Center, a program of the Fenway Institute
LGBT Health Disparities - May 2013 publication by the APA Public Interest Government Relations Office
Improving the Health Care of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People: Understanding and Eliminating Health Disparities - publication by the National LGBT Education Center, a program of the Fenway Institute
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health - publication by healthypeople.gov, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
"Like Walking Through a Hailstorm": Discrimination Against LGBT Youth in US Schools - 2016 Human Rights Watch publication
The Root of All Cruelty? - Paul Bloom - The New Yorker, November 2017
Honesty is a core value within National Midwifery Institute. The members of its community both require and expect one another to act with civility, personal integrity, and respect for one another’s dignity, rights, and intellectual property. This requires participation from all members of the NMI community to help create and maintain an environment in which all can succeed through the fruits of their own efforts. An environment of academic integrity is requisite to respect for self and others. NMI requires that each member of the NMI community adhere to the following principles and rules and pursue academic work in a truthful and straightforward manner, free from deception or fraud.
In order to complete their enrollment at NMI, students sign an Academic Integrity Agreement. The Academic Integrity Agreement includes a commitment not to engage in or tolerate acts of falsification, misrepresentation, or deception. The NMI Handbook provides further details regarding specific specific actions that NMI considers academic dishonesty, as well as our procedure for addressing violations.
Access to Student Records (FERPA)
Policy on Access to Student Records under the Federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974, as Amended.
Guidelines and Statement of Policy
I. Scope of the Act
II. Access Rights of Students
III. Access by or Release to Others
I. Scope of the Act
The Federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, as amended, and its implementation regarding federal regulations affords to persons who are currently, or were formerly, enrolled at NMI as registered students a right of access to their "educational records" that contain information directly related to such persons. Persons who unsuccessfully applied for admission to NMI are not covered by the Act.
The Act also restricts the persons to whom NMI may disclose a student's education records without the student's written permission.
(b) Records Covered
"Educational records" of a student include records, files, documents, and other materials regularly maintained by NMI that contain information directly related to a student and that are maintained in connection with the student's enrollment at NMI.
There are a number of types of records that are specifically excluded from the scope of the Act. For example, a student is not entitled to examine the following:
- Records maintained personally by faculty members that are not available to others.
- Records, such as those that might be maintained by the school’s legal counsel, the confidentiality of which is protected by law.
- Records containing financial information about the student’s parents, such as information submitted in connection with a student loan application.
II. Access Rights of Students
All students are entitled to full disclosure of their didactic and clinical records. Students have access to these records through the administration by submitting a written request to the Program Administrator by email at firstname.lastname@example.org; requests will be met within five working days. Students may also discuss with Program Administrator the types of records available for inspection and review.
Instructors maintain student transcript information and provide course work transcripts and letters of reference on request. Student/Preceptor documentation is kept on file in the NMI office, and an updated record is provided as confirmation of receipt of these documents. Student transcripts are available on request from the NMI office.
Students sign a release in the NMI Enrollment Agreement, granting NMI access to student/ graduate NARM test scores and CPM/application status. Rosters of student and graduate contact information are made available to other students and graduates unless NMI is notified in writing that a student will not allow this.
(b) Confidential Letters of Recommendation
A student may have access to confidential letters and statements of recommendation that are part of the student's education records.
A student may, by signing a written waiver, relinquish their right to inspect confidential recommendations placed in the student's education records respecting (1) admission to any educational institution; (2) an application for employment; or (3) the receipt of an honor or honorary recognition.
In no case will any student be required by NMI to waive their rights to access of confidential recommendations, although a student may find it appropriate to do so for a number of reasons. For example, the student may feel that their Course Work Instructors will write more candid and helpful letters of recommendation if the letters are not available to the student. NMI has a waiver form available.
A student will ordinarily not be provided with photocopies of any part of their record other than the transcript, unless the inability to obtain photocopies would effectively prevent the student from exercising their right to inspect and review the education record. In cases where photocopies will be provided, NMI may impose a charge for making such copies at a uniform rate of $.10 per page. There is no charge for copies of transcripts or electronic copies of records.
(d) Other Rights
NMI maintains educational records in the administrative office.
A student may request that their record be amended to eliminate any information contained therein that they believe is inaccurate, misleading, or violates their privacy or other rights.
If NMI decides to refuse to amend a student's records, the student is entitled to a hearing to challenge the content of the student’s educational records in order to insure that the records are not inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in violation of the student’s privacy or other rights. Normally, an informal hearing will suffice with an officer of NMI who has authority to make changes in a student's records (Program Director, Educational Director, Program Administrator). If a student is dissatisfied with the results of such a hearing, the student may utilize NMI’s Grievance Mechanism.
If, after a hearing, NMI decides that the student's records are not inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in violation of the student’s privacy or other rights, the student has the right to place in their records a statement commenting upon the information and/or setting forth any reasons for disagreeing with the decision of NMI.
III. Access by or Release to Others
NMI will not generally permit access to, or release of, educational records or personally identifiable information contained therein to any party without the written consent of the student. NMI may, however, as provided in the Act, release such data to certain persons including:
Faculty or staff who have a legitimate educational interest (including persons with whom NMI has contracted) in obtaining access to the records. Such access will be granted if the official needs to review an educational record in order to fulfill their professional responsibility. However, it is within NMI’s discretion to determine what is a legitimate educational interest and determine whether student privacy interests outweigh such interest.
Persons who require access in connection with the student's application for, or receipt of, financial aid.
Parents of a student, provided the student is a "dependent" of the parents for federal income tax purposes. In general, NMI does not make education records available to a student's parents. Where NMI believes that it is in a dependent student's interest, information from the student's educational records may be released to the parents of such a dependent student.
NMI may release such information in compliance with a judicial order or pursuant to any lawfully issued subpoena. As a general policy, before any information is so released NMI will first notify the student at the student's most recent address as shown in the records maintained by the administrative office. However, in compliance with the Act, some judicial orders and subpoenas issued for law enforcement purposes specify that NMI cannot disclose to any person the existence or contents of the order or subpoena or the information furnished in compliance with it.
In connection with an emergency, NMI may release information from educational records to appropriate persons if the knowledge of such information is necessary to protect the health or safety of a student or other persons.
(b) Release with the Student's Consent
Upon written consent or request by a student, NMI will release information from the student's educational records to third parties. The student should make a request in writing (postal letter or email) for such release to Program Administrator. NMI may impose a charge for copying a student's records in connection with such release.
(c) Transfer of Information to Third Parties
It shall be a condition of the release by NMI of any personal information on a student to a third party that the party to which the information is released will not permit any other party to have access to such information without the written consent of the student. An institution to which such information is released may permit its officers, employees, and agents to use such information but only for the purposes for which the disclosure was made. These restrictions do not apply to certain subpoenas and court orders.
(d) Directory Information
Rosters of student and graduate contact information are made available to other students and graduates without each student’s consent. NMI is required to give notice of the categories of information that it will treat as "roster" information. Accordingly, NMI hereby gives notice that it has designated the following categories of information as directory information with respect to each student: name, local and permanent address, electronic mail address, and telephone listing.
A student in attendance at NMI who does not want to have roster information relating to themselves released should notify the NMI administrative office in writing that they will not allow this. Requests must be made within the first 90 days of enrollment.
(a) Copies of the preceding Guidelines and Statement of Policy are available on the NMI website at https://www.nationalmidwiferyinstitute.com/policy-statements. You may view the Federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act on the U.S. Department of Education website at www.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/index.html.
(b) The NMI administrative office keeps with each student's file a permanent record of all parties who have requested access to the student's records, other than custodians of such files, NMI staff normally dealing with such files in performance of their duties, NMI staff who have been determined to have a legitimate educational interest in obtaining access to the records, parents of a "dependent" student, parties who have received "roster information," parties who have received records or information pursuant to the student's written consent, and the recipient of records or information pursuant to certain subpoenas and court orders. Such records of access should indicate specifically the legitimate interest that each such party had in obtaining access to the student's records and whether or not the request was granted. A student may inspect such records relating to the student’s education records.
(c) Questions about the interpretation of the Guidelines should be referred to the Program Director.
(d) Complaints regarding violations of a student's rights under the Act may be filed with:
Family Policy Compliance Office
U.S. Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, S.W.
Washington, DC 20202-5920