*NOTE: NMI's Study Group module formatting guidelines specify that students provide the text of each question, followed by a blank line and then their response. Sometimes cutting and pasting from the above pdf version causes formatting issues in your word processing document. If this occurs, please use this Microsoft Word version of the module for easier cutting and pasting.
Introduction page to large embryology website, with navigation directions
Carnegie Collection Embryos from the 1900’s, original studies that established the Carnegie Stages, and brief historical overview of the researchers and their efforts
The Virtual Human Embryo, Digitally Reproduced Embryonic Morphology: Multiple views of embryonic development through 56 days, Carnegie Stage 23 (These are studies of preserved embryos. Caution- science is not always easy to look at.)
Illustrations and text discussing ECTODERM: NEURULATION, NEURAL TUBE, NEURAL CREST
Inside Pregnancy: videos of simply explained embryology and fetal development, consistent comparisons to the size of various fruits, each video under 5 minutes
Animated embryology development detail by week and system, press PLAY icon to advance each animated segment that accompanies onscreen text (you’ll need to update your Flash player! Flash links provided)
National Library of Medicine, SRY sex determining region Y
Slide presentation discussing embryology, with illustrations and voice-over.
video explaining sex differentiation in computer voice, includes SRY details
white board illustration and explanation of gonadal sex differentiation, explains role of SRY gene and DHT
Development and Birth
ACOG urges delaying elective induction to 39 weeks to support brain, liver, lung development
Consumer information about benefits of 40 week gestation for mother and baby, with illustration about brain growth 35-40 weeks
March of Dimes Prematurity Campaign, and Healthy Babies are Worth the Wait campaign
Wall Street Journal article about economic impacts of babies born by induction who then face deficits; March of Dimes spokesperson quoted.
Fetal Anomalies, Birth Defects, and Risk
Centers for Disease Control: Facts about Birth Defects
World Health Organization information on congenital anomalies, estimated death rate, long-term disability, chronic illness, discussion about causes and prevention. Congenital anomalies rate compared to other causes of death in 2013
Executive Summary, Global Report on Birth Defects
National Health Service, United Kingdom, anomaly scan at 18-21 weeks pregnant, information sheets for parents regarding targeted anomalies and follow-up screening or tests